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The Enlightenment of the Buddha’s First Disciple

2014-05-01

In preaching the Dhammacakkapavattana Sutta, the Buddha revealed the Thirty-Seven Factors of Enlightenment [bodhipakkhiyadhamma], the Cycle of Dependent Origination and the Four Noble Truths as the hub, the spokes and the rim of the Dhammacakka respectively.


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Dhammacakkas can be divided into two types:

1. Pativedhananadhammacakka: The Personal Attainment of know ledge of the Four Noble Truths, the Three Cycles of Examination [parivadda]; and the Twelve Stages of the Cycle of Examination overcoming by transcending [samucchedapahana] the enemy we call craving, giving rise to the Fruits of Sainthood [ariyaphala].

2. Desanananadhammacakka: Out of compassion, teaching for the benefit of one’s disciples {Annakondanna would be the first) the way to overcome craving by attainment of knowledge of the four Noble Truths, the Three Cycles of examination and the Twelve Stages of the Cycle of Examination.

The Three Cycles of Examination comprise:

1. Saccanana: Knowledge of the existence of each Noble Truth over which the Lord Buddha had unequalled personal knowledge and which he could teach to others with unequalled skill.

2. Kiccanana: Knowledge of what must be done in relation to each of the Noble Truths e.g. it is necessary to know the existence of the Noble Truth of Suffering; it is necessary to let go of the Noble Truth of the Cause of Suffering; it is necessary to attain the Noble Truth of the Extinction of Suffering; it is necessary to cultivate the Noble Truth of the Path for the Extinction of Suffering.

3. Katanana: The Knowledge that what needs to be done in relation to each of the Noble Truths has already been completed: the existence of the Noble Truth of Suffering has been known; the Noble Truth of the Cause of Suffering has been let go of; the Noble Truth of the Extinction of Suffering has been attained; the Noble Truth of the Path for the Extinction of Suffering has been cultivated.

To want to join the Buddha’s tradition, and practice strictly according the the Buddha’s Teaching.

The twelve stages of the Cycle of Ecamination is the product of multiplying the Four Noble Truths by the Three Cycles of Examination. The cyclical pathway of attainment is called the ‘Dhammacakka’ because it eradicates the defilements as it rotates and is thus a weapon of unequalled potential to which even the Vajra Wheel of Indra cannot compare.

When the Lord Buddha had finished teaching the dhammacakkapavattana Sutta the Dhammacakkapavattana Sutta the whole of the Earth quaked and the waves of the ocean were whipped by strong winds and even Mount Sumeru bowed down its peak as if in humility to the teaching, with a sound that could be heard all the way to the Brahma world and bright light was sent forth which exceeded even the brightness of the auras of the angels of the highest levels.

The announcement of praise for the Sutta was so loud on the Catumaharajika (first) level of heaven that it was over heard on the Tavatimsa (second) level of heaven. The announcement of praise for the Sutta was so loud on the Tavatimse level of heaven that it was overheard on the Yama (third) level of heaven…and so on, all the way from Tusita Heaven to Akinitthabhavagga Brahma world. Every one of the Thirty-One Realms were shaken and light was perceived in every level of existence.

The Lord Buddha exclaimed,

Annasi vatabho kondanno, annasi vatabho kondanno
(Kondanna you have known)

From that time on “kondanna” became better knowen by the title of “Anna-Kondanna” Thera (Kondanna who knows). The exclamation f the Lord Buddha at that time testified to Kondanna’s attainment of the Fruit of Sainthood at the level of Stream-Enterer. At the same time it testified to the potential benefit of the Buddha’s Enlightenment for value of Buddha dhamma to the world it won over the Pancavaggiya (Group of Five) Bhikkhus who had previously been skeptical. To want to join the Buddha’s tradition, and practice strictly according the the Buddha’s Teaching.

If you look back at the life history of Kondanna, you will remember him as being the youngest amonagst the eight Brahmin soothsayers selected to interpret the bodily marks of Prince Siddhattha shortly after the latter’s birth. Kondanna had obviously been very highly educated both in worldly ways and in understanding meditative practices because amongst the eight, he was the only soothsayer to be able to say with precision that Siddhattha would surely renounce the world to become enlightened as a Buddha. Afteer the Siddhattha’s renunciation of the world, Kondanna had spent a further six years together with him, studying meditation, and is likely to have attained the absorptions. Thus, hearing instruction from the newly-enlightened Buddha, he was the first to attain “stream-entry” and to bear witness to the fact that the Buddha was indeed a “ Fully self-Enlightened Buddha” [Samma Sambuddho] who had attained something never before Known.

From: http://m.dmc.tv/dhamma/index.php?action=page&id=12352

Related:
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The Sacred Relics of Annakondanna Thero 1 [Pictures]

SN 56.11: Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta: Setting the Wheel of Dhamma in Motion 1 [Tipitaka]

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