Homage to the Blessed One, the Worthy One, the Highest Self—Enlightened One!
Neluwakande Gnanananda Himi
Published: 2017-11-28 — Updated: 2018-08-03
The Four Occassions the Lord Buddha Taught the Dhamma
A deva (divine being) greets the Lord Buddha. Click on the image to download a larger version.
On analysing the Buddha—Dhamma carefully, there can be found four occassions when the Lord Buddha taught the Dhamma. They are known (in the Pali language) as i. aththajjhasaya, ii. parajjhasaya, iii. atthupaththika and iv. puchchawasitha.
Dhamma1 teachings given by Lord Buddha’s own initiative without anyone else inviting him to do so fall into the first category (aththajjhasaya). Most teachings that appear in the sutta pitaka (basket of discourses) are aththajjhasaya. Most of these were taught to bhikkhus (Buddhist monks). Samagamaka, Neevarana Assajaneeya, Sappurisadana Suthras (Suttas) are few such examples from the Anguththara (Anguttara) Nikaya.
Dhamma sermons given due to another or others' request are known as parajjhasaya. Weludwara, Soka Sallaharana and Kalama Suthras are a few such examples.
There are occassions when certain beings approached the Lord Buddha and asked questions. Maha—Managala and Alawaka Suthras are such examples. These sermons are known as puchchawasitha.
▶“Maha—Mangala Sutta 1 — Venerable Sayadaw U Jotika.” Click on the video to play it. View Full Video >
Additionally there are sermons given based on certain events. Sigalowada, Ratana and Karaneeya Meththa Suthras are such examples.
What this shows is that the Lord Buddha did not pre—prepare to give sermons to those who would approach him. On the other hand, those who approached him were not Buddhists, but were bramins, achelakas, paribrajikas and nighantas (people of other religions).
They came in search of the Lord Buddha to find acceptable solutions to their problems. This shows two main points (to be continued).
Buddha—Dhamma — Lord Buddha’s teachings on reality.